Captain James T. Kirk is one of the most famous Captains in the history of Starfleet. There’s a good reason for that. He saved the planet Earth several times, stopped the Doomsday Machine, helped negotiate peace with the Klingon Empire, kept the balance of power between the Federation and the Romulan Empire, and even managed to fight Nazis. On his five-year mission commanding the U.S.S. Enterprise, as well as subsequent commands, James T. Kirk was a quintessential leader, who led his crew into the unknown and continued to succeed time and time again.
Kirk’s success was no fluke, either. His style of command demonstrates a keen understanding of leadership and how to maintain a team that succeeds time and time again, regardless of the dangers faced. Here are five of the key leadership lessons that you can take away from Captain Kirk as you pilot your own organization into unknown futures.
1. Never Stop Learning
“You know the greatest danger facing us is ourselves, an irrational fear of the unknown. But there’s no such thing as the unknown– only things temporarily hidden, temporarily not understood.”
Captain Kirk may have a reputation as a suave ladies man, but don’t let that exterior cool fool you. Kirk’s reputation at the Academy was that of a “walking stack of books,” in the words of his former first officer, Gary Mitchell. And a passion for learning helped him through several missions. Perhaps the best demonstration of this is in the episode “Arena,” where Kirk is forced to fight a Gorn Captain in single combat by advanced beings. Using his own knowledge and materials at hand, Kirk is able to build a rudimentary shotgun, which he uses to defeat the Gorn.
If you think about it, there’s no need for a 23rd Century Starship Captain to know how to mix and prepare gunpowder if the occasion called for it. After all, Starfleet officers fight with phasers and photon torpedoes. To them, gunpowder is obsolete. But the same drive for knowledge that drove Kirk to the stars also caused him to learn that bit of information, and it paid off several years later.
In the same way, no matter what your organization does, it helps to never stop learning. The more knowledge you have, the more creative you can be. The more you’re able to do, the more solutions you have for problems at your disposal. Sure, you might never have to face down a reptilian alien on a desert
planet, but you never know what the future holds. Knowledge is your best key to overcoming whatever obstacles are in your way.
2. Have Advisers With Different Worldviews
“One of the advantages of being a captain, Doctor, is being able to ask for advice without necessarily having to take it.”
Kirk’s closest two advisors are Commander Spock, a Vulcan committed to a philosophy of logic, and Dr. Leonard McCoy, a human driven by compassion and scientific curiosity. Both Spock and McCoy are frequently at odds with each other, recommended different courses of action and bringing very different types of arguments to bear in defense of those points of view. Kirk sometimes goes with one, or the other, or sometimes takes their advice as a springboard to developing an entirely different course of action.
However, the very fact that Kirk has advisors who have a different worldview not only from each other, but also from himself, is a clear demonstration of Kirk’s confidence in himself as a leader. Weak leaders surround themselves with yes men who are afraid to argue with them. That fosters an organizational culture that stifles creativity and innovation, and leaves members of the organization afraid to speak up. That can leave the organization unable to solve problems or change course. Historically, this has led to some serious disasters, such as Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.
Organizations that allow for differences of opinion are better at developing innovation, better at solving problems, and better at avoiding group-think. We all need a McCoy and a Spock in our lives and organizations.
3. Be Part Of the Away Team
“Risk is our business. That’s what this starship is all about. That’s why we’re aboard her.”
Whenever an interesting or challenging mission came up, Kirk was always willing to put himself in harm’s way by joining the Away Team. With his boots on the ground, he was always able to make quick assessments of the situation, leading to superior results. At least, superior for everyone with a name and not wearing a red shirt. Kirk was very much a hands-on leader, leading the vanguard of his crew as they explored interesting and dangerous situations.
When you’re in a leadership role, it’s sometimes easy to let yourself get away from leading Away Team missions. After all, with leadership comes perks, right? You get the nice office on the higher floor. You finally get an assistant to help you with day to day activities, and your days are filled with meetings and decisions to be made, And many of these things are absolutely necessary. But it’s sometimes easy to trap yourself in the corner office and forget what life is like on the front lines. When you lose that perspective, it’s that much harder to understand what your team is doing, and the best way to get out of the problem. What’s more, when you’re not involved with your team, it’s easy to lose their trust and have them gripe about how they don’t understand what the job is like.
This is a lesson that was actually imprinted on me in one of my first jobs, making pizzas for a franchise that doesn’t exist anymore. Our general manager spent a lot of time in his office, focused on the paperwork and making sure that we could stay afloat on the razor-thin margins we were running. But one thing he made sure to do, every day, was to come out during peak times and help make pizza. He didn’t have to do that, but he did. The fact that he did so made me like him a lot more. It also meant that I trusted his decisions a lot more. In much the same way, I’m sure, as Kirk’s crew trusted his decisions, because he knew the risks of command personally.
4. Play Poker, Not Chess
“Not chess, Mr. Spock. Poker. Do you know the game?”
In one of my all-time favorite Star Trek episodes, Kirk and his crew face down an unknown vessel from a group calling themselves the “First Federation.” Threats from the vessel escalate until it seems that the destruction of the Enterprise is imminent. Kirk asks Spock for options, who replies that the Enterprise has been playing a game of chess, and now there are no winning moves left. Kirk counters that they shouldn’t play chess – they should play poker. He then bluffs the ship by telling them that the Enterprise has a substance in its hull called “corbomite” which will reflect the energy of any weapon back against an attacker. This begins a series of actions that enables the Enterprise crew to establish peaceful relations with the First Federation.
I love chess as much as the next geek, but chess is often taken too seriously as a metaphor for leadership strategy. For all of its intricacies, chess is a game of defined rules that can be mathematically determined. It’s ultimately a game of boxes and limitations. A far better analogy to strategy is poker, not chess. Life is a game of probabilities, not defined rules. And often understanding your opponents is a much greater advantage than the cards you have in your hand. It was knowledge of his opponent that allowed Kirk to defeat Khan in Star Trek II by exploiting Khan’s two-dimensional thinking. Bluffs, tells, and bets are all a big part of real-life strategy. Playing that strategy with an eye to the psychology of our competitors, not just the rules and circumstances of the game can often lead to better outcomes than following the rigid lines of chess.
5. Blow up the Enterprise
“‘All I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by.’ You could feel the wind at your back in those days. The sounds of the sea beneath you, and even if you take away the wind and the water it’s still the same. The ship is yours. You can feel her. And the stars are still there, Bones.”
One recurring theme in the original Star Trek series is that Kirk’s first love is the Enterprise. That love kept him from succumbing to the mind-controlling spores in “This Side of Paradise,” and it’s hinted that his love for the ship kept him from forming any real relationships or starting a family. Despite that love, though, there came a point in Star Trek III: The Search For Spock, where Captain Kirk made a decision that must have pained him enormously – in order to defeat the Klingons attacking him and save his crew, James Kirk destroyed the Enterprise. The occasion, in the film, was treated with the solemnity of a funeral, which no doubt matched Kirk’s mood. The film ends with the crew returning to Vulcan on a stolen Klingon vessel, rather than the Enterprise. But they returned victorious.
We are often, in our roles as leaders, driven by a passion. It might be a product or service, it might be a way of doing things. But no matter how much that passion burns within us, the reality is that times change. Different products are created. Different ways of doing things are developed. And there will come times in your life when that passion isn’t viable anymore. A time when it no longer makes sense to pursue your passion. When that happens, no matter how painful it is, you need to blow up the Enterprise. That is, change what isn’t working and embark on a new path, even if that means having to live in a Klingon ship for awhile.
In his many years of service to the Federation, James Kirk embodied several leadership lessons that we can use in our own lives. We need to keep exploring and learning. We need to ensure that we encourage creativity and innovation by listening to the advice of people with vastly different opinions. We need to occasionally get down in the trenches with the members of our teams so we understand their needs and earn their trust and loyalty. We need to understand the psychology of our competitors and also learn to radically change course when circumstances dictate. By following these lessons, we can lead our organizations into places where none have gone before.
Ten Almost-Cast Star-Trek Actors who Would've Improved the Franchise
By Jon Gutierrez
For a franchise that had eight "evil universe" episodes and Roddenberry-only-knows-how-many time travel episodes, it's hard to imagine Star Trekturning out any differently than it did. After all, when you think of Spock, you immediately think of the cool calm of Leonard Nimoy and when you think of Kirk, it's hard to imagine anything by the slightly hammy over-acting of William Shatner. And yet, for every actor that got a Star Trek part, dozens auditioned and got disappointed that they didn't get their time on the cardboard sets of the various Enterprises. Of course many of those wanna-be-Trek-icons would've been worse than the final actors (I think we've all seen the footage of Geneviève Bujold's creepily low-energy version of Janeway.), but some of those actors would've taken the franchise in interesting and probably better directions. Here are the ones we would've loved to have seen.
10) Tim Blake Nelson as Quark
Most Trekkers agree that Deep Space Nine was the best Star Trek series. It had everything... drama, action, suspense and a wonderful absence of Neelix. But the one part where the series failed was some of it's "humorous" episodes, which is a nice way of saying "Ferengi" episodes (the low point's probably "Profit and Lace," where Quark has a sex change and weeps all over the set.) Now, Armin Shimerman was a great Quark, but what if Tim Blake Nelson of Oh, Brother Where Art Thou and Hulk fame had ended up with the job? We're betting he could've kept the wackiness to a slightly more manageable degree.
9) J.D. Roth as Wesley Crusher
If Star Trek has an official whipping boy, it's Wesley Crusher. Largely despised by the fans, the writers were forced to ship off to Starfleet Academy in The Next Generation's fourth season, although he still popped occasionally for the rest of the series. Now, how much of the ill-will towards him was based on Wil Wheaton's portrayal is up for debate, but having TV game show host J.D. Roth play the role certainly couldn't have hurt (after all, they ended up treating Wesley like a redheaded stepchild anyway. So, why not use a real redhead?)
8) Yaphet Kotto as Capt. Jean Luc Picard
If you think we're going to say anything bad about Patrick Stewart, you're dead wrong (heck, he's the only reason we occasionally watch American Dad). But think how amazing having Yaphet Kotto as the captain of the Enterprise would've been? While his Picard would no doubt have been as smart as thinking-man's captain Stewart did, he also would've added a toughness and strength to the part that would've been amazing. Hell, his Picard would've booted Wesley out of there after only one season!
7) Jenny Agutter as Dr. Beverly Crusher
Gates McFadden did her job as ship's doctor well enough, considering it's just delivering technobabble while waving whirring things around a patient. But imagine how much better would've it have been if she was really,really hot? That's what Jenny Agutter, the short-skirted hottie from Logan's Run would've brought to the role. Sure, she probably would've seemed a little too young to have a son Wesley's age, but I think we think the teenage male viewers could've overlooked that. Also, losing McFadden would mean we wouldn't have been forced to watch that re-goddamn-diculous Data tap-dancing scene. And that's what really matters.
6) Jeffrey Combs as Commander William T. Riker
Oh, Jonathan Frakes. Sure you're a good director if you completely ignore Thunderbirds (which luckily most people did), but there's no denying that by the third season you were mostly acting with your beard. Sure a Jeffrey Combs Riker would've been weird, as he's never played a character that wasn't, but you've got to admit he wouldn't gone completely bland like Frakes did by the end of the series. And as the only Trek actor to ever play two major characters (Weyoun and Brunt) in one episode, we know he has the chops... the odd, strange acting chops.
5) Linda Hamilton as Captain Kathryn Janeway
Can you imagine how much better Voyager would've been with a captain that was, well, actually likable? Let's face it, Mulgrew's performance might've been pretty accurate to what a female starship captain might actually be like, but she certainly didn't turn out as engaging as any of the other captains. We're betting that Linda Hamilton would've worked out better... because who doesn't like Sarah Connor? Not count apart from killer robots from the future, of course.
4) Sean Connery as Sybok
Man, apart from that three-breasted catgirl, there was nothing good about Star Trek V. Particularly not good was the sudden sitcom-y appearance of the never-before-discussed half-brother of Spock, Sybok, played by Laurence Luckinbill. Now how much better would it have been if they'd gotten the original choice for the role, best-bond-ever Sean Connery? It was such a good idea, they even left his name in the film. Why else do you think they were going to "Sha Ka Ree?"
3) Martin Landau as Lieutenant Commander Spock
It's hard to imagine anyone other than Leonard Nimoy filling Spock's pointy ears and androgynous bowl-cut. But if anyone could've done a better performance, it would've been Oscar-winner Landau, who turned down the part to star on the show Mission: Impossible. Sure he may not have been as hunky as Nimoy (which is saying something), but we're betting he would've brought an intensity to the part that would've helped to compensate for having to walk around for an entire episode without a brain.
2) Lloyd Bridges as Captain Christopher Pike
If you don't remember Captain Pike, he was the original captain of the Enterprise as seen in the original pilot "The Cage" and the slapped-together-for-contractual-obligations two-parter "The Menagerie." When NBC execs thought the first version was too cerebral, they made Roddenberry reshoot it and change the lead actor. Now, no one's going to complain that Jeffrey "The Searchers" Archer wasn't great, but if a more action-y Lloyd Bridges had originally taken the role, it's just possible they wouldn't have had to dumb down the series a bit with a new pilot. We could've seen a whole new, more intelligent Star Trek... at least until the network idiots inevitably canceled it.
1) Jack Lord as Captain James T. Kirk
Wow. Try to imagine the Star Trek universe without William Shatner. It's pretty hard, isn't it? His particular brand of slow overacting and scene-stealing charm influenced a lot of what came after him. So, what if Roddenberry had gone with his first choice for Captain Kirk, the dignified (and far less cartoon-y) actor Jack Lord? It would've been an even bigger change than you might think as, according to William Shatner, Lord asked for 50 percent ownership of the show, which is why Roddenberry went with Shatner. So, not only would a major role have been changed, but we might have had a very different Star Trek without Roddenberry's complete control of the franchise (for example, we probably would've had a couple less episodes dealing with Roddenberry's "omnipotent being tests the Enterprise crew" fetish). We're not so insane as to say Trek would actually be better without Shatner, but it certainly would've been very, very different. Text and images via Topless Robot